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Sunscreen

Children and adults are prone to get sunburned, especially during our hot Alabama summers.  In fact sunburn can happen after only 15 minutes in the sun.  But sunburn can be dangerous and repeated sunburns can lead to skin cancer.

So what should parents know about sunscreen in order to keep their children and themselves safe?

Ashley Hanna is a nurse practitioner in pediatric dermatology at Children’s South.

She explains what parents should look for when buying sunscreen.  “We do recommend an SPF of 30 or greater in sunscreen,” she says. “It’s also important to look on the ingredient label for titanium dioxide or zinc oxide to be listed in the ingredients.”

Hanna says children should wear sunscreen from the time they are six months old.  Before then, a baby’s skin is too sensitive and it’s best to keep them completely covered with cool clothing and a wide-brimmedhat, or out of the sun altogether.

For all other ages, remember sunscreen is only effective when it’s used correctly.

How to Use Sunscreen

  • Apply sunscreen whenever your kids will be in the sun. For best results, apply sunscreen about 15 to 30 minutes before kids go outside.
  • Don’t forget about ears, hands, feet, shoulders, and behind the neck. Protect lips with an SPF 30 lip balm.
  • Apply sunscreen generously.
  • Reapply sunscreen often, about every 2 hours. Reapply after a child has been sweating or swimming.
  • Apply a water-resistant sunscreen if kids will be around water or swimming. Regardless of the water-resistant label, be sure to reapply sunscreen when kids come out of the water.
  • Throw out any sunscreen that is past its expiration date or that you have had for 3 years or longer.

Hanna says if your child does get sunburned, there are things you can do to help make them more comfortable.  “If your child does get sunburned,” she says, “make sure they stay hydrated, apply moisturizer and you can give them ibuprofen or acetaminophen.”

But watch their symptoms closely.  If there’s any sign of blistering or dehydration, you should call the doctor immediately.  And remember, repeated sunburns lead to skin cancer.  Unprotected sun exposure is even more dangerous for children who have many moles or freckles, have very fair skin and hair, or have a family history of skin cancer.

It’s important for parents to be a good role model by consistently wearing sunscreen and limiting sun exposure. Lead by example to teach children to be sun smart.

Summer is snakebite season: How to keep your child safe

Now that warm weather is here, your children are probably spending more time outside. Can you guess what else may be planning to join them? 

“When temperatures are consistently above 34 degrees at night and consistently above 64 degrees during the day, that’s when we start to see more and more snakes,” said Ann Slattery, managing director of the Regional Poison Control Center at Children’s of Alabama. For central Alabama, ‘snake season’ typically runs March through November.

And when there are snakes, there are also snakebites. “We get 150 to 200 snakebite calls per year at Poison Center,” Slattery said.

There are six poisonous snakes that are native to Alabama, five of which are known as pit vipers. Some of the most well known pit vipers are rattlesnakes, water moccasins/cottonmouths and copperheads.

“All snakebites should be seen in a healthcare setting, preferably in an emergency department,” Slattery said. Seeking medical attention for a snakebite is important whether the bite is two punctures, one puncture or even just a scratch, she said.

If your child is bitten by a snake, Slattery has some recommendations. First of all, she said, it is important to remain calm. If the child is having difficulty breathing, parents or caregivers should call 911 immediately. Otherwise, she said, get the child to an emergency department quickly. Do not apply ice or a tourniquet. Remove any restrictive clothing or items like rings, bracelets and watches before swelling sets in. Keep the limb slightly below the child’s heart.

In the emergency department, doctors will treat the wound as well as any exposure to tetanus and bacteria. They will assess for pain and swelling. There is an antivenin for symptomatic patients after a pit viper bite that is administered through an I.V. Patients may be kept in the hospital overnight for observation.

Slattery said here’s one thing you definitely don’t need to bring with you to the hospital, and that’s the snake. “We do not encourage people to capture the snake that bit the child. Doctors will look at the child’s symptoms, not the type of snake. The current antivenin for pit vipers that’s available will treat any kind of pit viper bite,” she said.

The best way to avoid snakebites is to avoid the type of areas where snakes may be lurking. These include tall grasses, dense gardens, and piles of leaves and yard debris. “Always be aware of your surroundings outdoors,” Slattery said. And, remember, snakes are typically afraid of humans and are trying to hide from potential predators. “If a snake bites, it is trying to scare us away.”